Cameras for Fluid Mechanics & Combustion Diagnostics | Andor

Cameras for Fluid Mechanics & Combustion Diagnostics

Andor’s portfolio of intensified sCMOS, EMCCD and sCMOS cameras provide a wide range of high sensitivity, fast detection solutions for the fluid, flow and combustion diagnostics ‘home-builder’ Research community. These detectors benefit especially applications in the field of reactive and non-reactive flows, jets and flames, with analysis techniques including:

  • Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF)
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV)
  • Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS)

Detection solutions adapted to your needs

Andor high sensitivity cameras and modular spectrographs offer a comprehensive range of opto-mechanical interfaces, triggering and acquisition setup options to seamlessly integrate into a wide range of imaging and spectroscopy setups.

iStar sCMOS


  • 50 frames/sec (5.5 MP sensor)
    Up to 4 kHz fps with ROI
  • <2 ns time resolution
  • High dynamic range
Zyla sCMOS


  • 100 frames/sec (5.5 MP sensor)
    Up to 4 kHz fps with ROI
  • Dual image inter-frame <300 ns
  • 33,000:1 dynamic range
Kymera, Newton and iXon EMCCD

Kymera, Newton and iXon EMCCD

  • High sensitivity
  • Multi-kHz spectral rates
  • High throughput and high spectral resolution

Techniques and Applications



PLIF is used for the measurement of concentration/mole fraction of species such as Na, OH, NO, O2, CH, CO or acetone, localised temperature, velocity, and pressure:

  • Discriminating OH and CO imaging for flames and combustors
  • NO imaging for NOx production in gas jets
  • Acetone imaging for fuel and air mixtures
  • Temperature imaging in flames and supersonic/hypersonic flows

Chemiluminescence is an other technique used for flame studies’. It is based on imaging chemically excited (as opposed to laser-excited like LIF/PLIF) species/radicals, e.g. OH*. Chemiluminescence is useful in situations where it is technically difficult or too costly to apply PLIF, e.g. optical engine diagnostics.

User Publications
OH- and CH2O-LIF measurements for hydrogen flames
Laminar Non-Premixed Counterflow Flames
Repetitive Laser-Induced Plasma Ignition

Customer Publications

Author Title Year
Premixed flames subjected to extreme levels of turbulence part I: Flame structure and a new measured regime diagram
Experimental investigation on the three-dimensional organization of the flow structures in precessing jets by tomographic PIV
The effect of nozzle geometry over ignition delay and flame lift-off of reacting direct-injection sprays for three different fuels
Femtosecond Chirped-Probe-Pulse Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Thermometry of Nitrogen in a Piloted Spray Burner
Spatially correlated temperature, oxygen, and fuel measurements in a plasma-assisted hydrogen diffusion flame by one-dimensional fs/ps rotational CARS imaging
Pure-rotational H2 thermometry by ultrabroadband coherent anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy
Micro-PIV Measurements of Multiphase Flow of Water and Liquid/Supercritical CO2 in 2D Heterogeneous Porous Micromodels
Comparison of Chirped-Probe-Pulse Femtosecond and Hybrid Femtosecond/Picosecond CARS for Gas Phase Thermometry
Investigations of microwave stimulation of a turbulent low-swirl flame
An experimental study of the effects of fuel properties on reactive spray evolution using Primary Reference Fuels
A Detailed Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Flow Physics in a Single Row Narrow Impingement Channel Using PIV, LES and RANS
Experimental and numerical studies of fuel and hydrodynamic effects on piloted turbulent premixed jet flames
Hybrid fs/ps Rotational CARS Temperature and Oxygen Measurements and Soot LII Measurements in a Turbulent C2H4-Fueled Jet Flame
Flame Visualization and Mechanism of Fast Flame Propagation through a Meso-scale Packed Porous Bed in a High-pressure Environment temperature profile