Share all laser lines for photo stimulation and imaging
FRAPPA is a galvo scanning instrument, named by conjoining acronyms for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and photoactivation (PA). FRAPPA has a unique switching design that allows it to be configured in the imaging path. In bypass mode it acts as a relay optic, projecting an image to the detector, while in scanning mode it acts as a laser scanner, targeting user-defined regions of the specimen. This "in-line" configuration allows it to utilize the same wavelength for imaging and photo-stimulation.
The cost of "in-line" operation is sequential execution of imaging and photostimulation, but the switching speed is optimized at ~10 ms to minimize its impact. FRAPPA utilizes galvo technology, has a single laser input and is designed to deliver a diffraction limited spot from CW and pulsed lasers in the wavelength range 400-800 nm.
These features make it an attractive option for photobleaching, switching and activation as well as DNA damage studies.